Lets finish up the Enumerated Powers.
To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;
Way back in the beginning of the country, we didn’t have a standing army. We had citizen-soldiers (and part-time politicians.) It was every able-bodied man, who could be called up to protect the country. Think of it as the draft.
To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
The law definition for provide is “to arrange for or stipulate beforehand as by a provision or provisio. In this context, the Constitution gives the ability for the Congress to organize, arm and disciplining(training) the Militia. And picking which part maybe employed for use by the US. But the States pick the officers and have authority to train them.
Now we pause while I point out this predated the Second Amendment. That’s the militia, but the Founders and States added “the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”
To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not excluding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;—And
To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.
This set up Washington D.C. And giving them the ability to make laws, and carry out the powers given in the Constitution and departments.
Next week is Section 9 and Habeus Corpus.